Area 148,000 square km
Population 43.89 million (2012)
Capital City Shenyang

Liaoning Geography

Liaoning Province is located in the south of the Northeast of China, with the Liaohe River flowing through it, its northern and central parts are plains; the eastern and western parts are hilly areas; and the southern part covers the Liaodong Peninsula which borders on the Bohai Sea in the west and Yellow Sea in the east. The four seasons are distinctive in the Province, each being unique in its own way. The population is 42 million (2004), consisting of some thirty nationalities such as the Manchu, Mongolian, Hui and Korean nationalities.

Liaoning Climate

Liaoning Province has a temperate, continental-type monsoon climate, with the mean temperature of the year being 6ºC to 11ºC (42.8 ºF to 51.8 ºF). The minimum temperature in January, the coldest month, can be as low as -30ºC ( -22 ºF) while the maximum temperature can reach as high as 35ºC ( 95 ºF) in July, the hottest month in the year. The frost-free period lasts 130 to 180 days averagely. The annual rainfall in Liaoning ranges from 400mm to 1000mm.

Brief History of Liaoning

The Province of Liaoning has a long history behind it. As early as 1600 B.C, what is the Province now was already part of the territory of the Shang Dynasty (1766 B.C. to 1122 B.C.). In the various dynasties that followed, administrative set-ups were established here, thus leaving many historical relics for today. The Province is the birthplace of the Manchu nationality, boating many well-preserved imperial palaces and tombs built in the Manchu style in the early days of Qing Dynasty (1644-1911).

Liaoning was once a colony of imperialism. From the late 19th century to the 1940s, Russian and Japanese aggressors carried out frenzied wars here, plunging the Chinese people into deep miseries. The imperialists exploited cheap labor. And local industries had a very strong colonial nature, with no processing capabilities at all. In the 1940's, amidst the flames of Chinese people's struggle for national liberation, imperialism was overthrown in the Northeast and Liaoning was liberated. Now Liaoning Province has been turned into a centre of heavy industry with metallurgy, machine-building, coal, electricity, petroleum and industry as the main branches.

Liaoning Local Cuisine

The Lumingchun Restaurant in Shenyang is noted for the high quality of its Typical Local Food selected ingredients and the delicious dishes which boast all the appealing colour, fragrance, taste, and shape. The Restaurant is particularly good at the Shandong style dishes as well as seafood dishes, such as stewed bear paw, peach like prawns, etc.

At Shenyang you can enjoy Imperial court dishes. Delicious dumplings served at the Laobian Dumpling Restaurant in Shenyang are a favorite with many tourists. Also a Chinese-style sandwich with smoked meat and spring onions is a snack typical of the North-eastern food. As Dalian abounds in aquatic products, it is famous with seafood delicacies. At the top of a long list of such delicacies are: stewed dried scallop, steamed whitefish, roast prawns, steamed abalones, etc. Other local representative dishes made of bear paw, moose nose, and other delicacies are served in big Restaurants throughout the Liaoning Province

Liaoning Local Products

Liaoning is richly-endowed and its products have rich local characteristics. Ginseng, sable fur and furry antler, famed as the "three great treasures of the Northeast", are important exports of the Province. Other famous local specialities include tussah silk ( an ideal material for blouse, shirt, skirt," kimono" dress, curtain, table-cloth, quilt-cover, etc), apples (juicy and delicious, exported in quantities), prawn, sea cucumbers and abalone (plentiful in the coastal areas). In addition, local arts and crafts are also well-known, such as jade and black amber carving, amber ornaments, glassware, and feather patchwork, shell carving pictures, artistic ceramics, scrolls and calligraphy, etc.

Liaoning Places of Interests and Tourist Attractions

There are many places of historical interest and scenic spots in Liaoning. The cities of Shenyang, Dalian, Anshan, Fushun, Jinzhou, Yingkou and Benxin are open to foreign tourists, each attracting tourists in its own way.

The Imperial Palace in Shenyang

The Imperial Palace covers an area of over 60,000 square metres, with some 300 rooms in 70 buildings which are dispersed in a dozen courtyards. It is the best preserved group of imperial structures in the country next to the Palace Museum in Beijing, Recalling the style and lay-out of the latter, these buildings give expression to the brilliant achievements in architecture scored by the Man and Han nationalities in their cultural exchanges. There were altogether five imperial tombs in the Qing dynasty. Two of them, the Eastern and Western Tombs are located in Hebei Province while the other three -- the Yongling, Fuling and Zhaoling Tombs are all located in Liaoning Province. Surrounded by pines, the three tombs are rather impressive with their architecture typical of the Man nationality style.

The Qianshan (Thousand) Mountain

Situated not far from the suburbs of Anshan, it is a famous scenicspot in China, covering an area of 44 square kilometres with more than 180 places of interests and scenic spots. Peaks here rise one after another, with the highest being more than 700 metres above sea level. With totalling over 990, Qianshan is also called a Mountain of one Thousand Lotuses". Here on the Qianshan Mountain, you can feast your eyes on a variety of landscapes: the boundless sea of pines, elegant peaks, peculiar rocks and ancient temples. Bordered by the sea on its three sides, the City of Dalian is endowed with numerous beaches and a long and winding coastline. Sun bathing is very popular in Dalian. Each and every bathing beach boasts unique attraction. There are over a dozen parks in the city, the well-known being the Starry Sea Park and the Tiger Beach Park.

Dalian Beach - Lushuikou Scenic Spot

at the foot of hill and beside the sea. Due to mild climate all year round, it is a tourist and summer resort, famous for seaside park, and Laotieshan migratory birds and Snake Island Nature reserve.

Jinshitan (Beach)

National Tourist and Vacation Area: a national tourist and vacation area developed in middle 1980's. The scenic spot consists of sea, beach, reef and hills. Since there are many multi-coloured stones on the beach, it is call the gold stone beach (Jin Shi Tan in Chinese). Here your can enjoy many tourist activities - boating, golfing, hunting, fishing. Very nice tourist hotels are available. It will also be a comprehensive seaside scenic spot for scientific survey, popular science education, sightseeing, aquatic sports, vacation and recreation.