General Situation

Education has developed rapidly in Liaoning since the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949. As a result, the proportion of the population with various educational levels has changed notably over the past few decades. In 2000, there were a total of 58 institutions of higher learning with 297,710 students and 61,707 faculty. There were also 2,401 secondary schools with 2.167 million students and 175,455 teachers and 13,356 primary schools with 4.621 million students and 216,677 teachers. The proportion of illiterate and semi-literate persons in relation to the entire population has decreased drastically, with an illiteracy rate of 4.76 percent in 2000, amounting to about 2.02 million people.

While the educational increase has been promising, there still remains a low proportion of people with higher learning, which must be improved in order to keep up with the province's rapid economic development. Part of the PRC's goal with their "Revitalize the Northeast" campaign is to help improve education in these areas, so that should help Liaoning and other provinces in the region moving forward into the future.

Northeastern University

Northeastern University is a public university in the city of Shenyang, Liaoning Province, China. With an annual enrollment of over 20,000 students, it is one of China's high level universities designated for the state key construction of the 211 Project and 985 Project.

The university was founded on April 26, 1923 in the capital city of Liaoning province, Shenyang (previously known as Mukden), which was also the historic political and economic center of Northeast China. Northeastern University attracted top scholars and teachers from throughout the region, and it quickly developed into a comprehensive university, with six schools in science, engineering, humanities, law, agriculture, and education. In July 1928, the university was taken over by Marshall Chang Hsüeh-liang (張學良, Zhang Xueliang), the military warlord who controlled all of Northeast China at the time. Marshall Chang assumed the title of president and became the university's most important financial and political patron in its early history.

Less than a decade after it was founded, the university was forced to evacuate following the Mukden Incident on 18 September 1931. After the incident, the Japanese invaded and annexed all of Northeast China, including Shenyang, and reorganized the region into the puppet state of Manchukuo. Like many other national universities in China during the Second Sino-Japanese War, Northeastern University was repeatedly displaced and re-established in several cities. The university was relocated to Beijing, Xi'an, and the city of Santai in Sichuan Province, before the war ended in August 1945. The university returned to its original campus in Shenyang in February 1946.

After the establishment of the People's Republic of China on 1 October 1949, Northeast China became the beneficiary of substantial Soviet investment. The region became heavily industrialized and one of the most prosperous regions in China. Northeast University was renamed Northeast University of Technology in August 1950, and it became primarily an engineering school.

By the 1990s, economic reforms had caused most of the nation's economic investment to shift to the Pacific Coast cities. While most of China became increasingly prosperous, factories throughout Northeast China closed and the region fell into an extended economic recession. On 8 March 1993, Northeast University reverted to its original name.

Today, Northeastern University is part of the 211 Project and Project 985, nationwide efforts to expand and modernize the nation's university system. The university is also part of the national government's initiative to replace the region's heavy manufacturing industry with a modern high-tech manufacturing economy.

Northeastern University consists of the School of Liberal Arts and Law, the School of Business Administration, the School of Sciences, the School of Resources and Civil Engineering, the School of Materials Science and Metallurgy, the School of Mechanical Engineering, the School of Information Science and Engineering, Sino-Dutch School of Biomedical and Information Engineering, and the Department of Foreign Languages. It has 46 undergraduate programs, 53 master's degree programs, and 23 doctoral degree programs, as well as an adult education program.

The campus has 1.98 million square meters and 730,000 square meters of floor space.

Dalian University of Technology

Dalian University of Technology (DUT) is one of the key national universities under the direct jurisdiction of the Chinese Ministry of Education. DUT, located in the coastal city of Dalian, is a multi-disciplined university concentrating on science and technology and covering economics, management, applied liberal arts, foreign languages and social sciences as well. There are graduate school, 7 faculties and 5 colleges with 32,000 full-time students.

DUT has been active in academic exchange and cooperation both home and abroad. It has signed academic agreements with more than 120 institutions of higher education or scientific research in more than 20 different countries and regions.

The School of International Cultural Exchanges was set up to take the responsibility for the enrollment, education and management of international students. To date, about 6,000 students from 102 countries have studied here, either for degrees or Chinese language training. Through many years' practice, the school has gained in experience and reputation in both the areas of teaching and management.

Dalian Maritime University

Founded in 1909, Dalian Maritime University (DMU) is one of the largest and best maritime universities and is the only key maritime institution under the Ministry of Transport, China. DMU enjoys a high reputation internationally as an excellent center of maritime education and training as recognized by International Maritime Organization. DMU has 4 Post-doctoral Research Centers, 6 Primary Discipline Doctoral Programs, 32 Subordinate Discipline Doctoral Programs, 18 Primary Discipline Master's Programs, 64 Subordinate Discipline Master's Programs, and 48 undergraduate programs. DMU now consists of 19 teaching and research institutions, including Navigation College, Marine Engineering College, Information Science and Technology College, Transportation and Management College, Environmental Science and Engineering College, Transportation Equipments and Ocean Engineering College, Law School, Foreign Languages College, Public Management and Humanities College, Department of Mathematics, Department of Physics, etc. The current student population has risen to approximately 20000. Up to now, more than 60000 advanced professionals have been educated and trained at DMU, most of which have become the backbone of China's shipping industry.

China Medical University

China Medical University (CMU) is one of the top ten medical schools in China. It is a university with a history of nearly 81 years. CMU started as the Military Medical School and Health School of the Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army and later merged two medical schools in Shenyang:the governmental Shenyang Medical College and the former private Liaoning Medical College, both of which had a history of about one hundred years. CMU was a university affiliated with Ministry of Health (MOH) previously and became a university co-constructed by Liaoning Province together with MOH in the year 2000. CMU has 28 colleges, 56 disciplines or specialties offering doctoral degrees, 67 disciplines or specialties offering master's degrees, 4 postdoctoral research stations, 13 specialties for undergraduates and 10 higher technical specialties. CMU also has 3 affiliated general hospitals and 1 dental hospital. The number of CMU staff now is 13,121 and that of the registered students is 54,609.

Northeast Yucai School

Northeast Yucai School is an educational institute in Shenyang, China, offering education from kindergarten to pre-university (senior high) level.

NEYC has eight campuses in Shenyang City. The main campus (South Campus) covers an area of 164-acre (0.66 km2) and a building area of 343,000 square meters.

Each school year consists of two semesters with courses and subjects depending on the grade.

All students in the senior high school division (grades 10 to 12) have courses in Chinese Language, Math (including algebra, geometry and basic calculus), English Language, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, History, Geography, Economics, and Philosophy. All science courses include lab courses and lectures.

Four times a week students have elective courses. There are almost 35 elective courses in grades 9 through 11, such as Computer science, Pottery, Theatre and Drama, Chinese traditional painting, Art History and Appreciation.

Science Accelerated Programs are offered in Maths, Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Computer Science. Specialized Classes include Japanese Language, French Language, English Language, and Advanced Level Mathematics.